If the frontier had been so essential to the development of American culture and democracy, then what would befall them as the frontier closed? The frontier had no need for standing armies, established churches, aristocrats or nobles. In the thesis, the American frontier established liberty by releasing Americans from European mindsets and eroding old, dysfunctional customs. Limerick points out that Kennedy assumed that “the campaigns of the Old Frontier had been successful, and morally justified. Corporate investors headquartered in New York laid the railroads; government troops defeated Indian nations who refused to get out of the way of manifest destiny; even the cowboys, enshrined in popular mythology as rugged loners, were generally low-level employees of sometimes foreign-owned cattle corporations. Views Read Edit View history.

Moreover, these revisionist scholars argue, for many places the West has not been the land of freedom and opportunity that both Turnerian history and popular mythology would have us believe. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. But in a sense, the very acrimony of these debates takes us full circle back to Turner and his legacy, for debates about the significance of Western history are hardly ever confined to the past. You are commenting using your Facebook account. They adapted to the new physical, economic and political environment in certain ways—the cumulative effect of these adaptations was Americanization. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. Settling Fermilab, —,” Illinois Historical Journal 88 1 pp.

Frederick Jackson Turner

Our editors theiss review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we’ll add it to the article. A similarly race-based interpretation of Western history also occupied the intellectual sphere in jqckson United States before Turner. Instead Fermilab’s planners sought to return to Turnerian themes. However, the work of historians during the s—s, some of whom sought to bury Turner’s conception of the frontier, and others who sought to spare the concept but with nuance, have done much to place Western myths in context.


Crucible of Empire – PBS Online

Thank You for Your Contribution! After his graduation from the University of Wisconsin inTurner decided to become a professional historian, and received his Ph. A small herd of American bison was started at the lab’s founding to symbolize Fermilab’s presence on the frontier of physics and its connection to the American prairie. South Africa, Canada, Russia, Brazil, Argentina and Australia—and even ancient Rome—had long frontiers that were also settled by pioneers.

In these writings Turner promoted new methods in historical research, including the techniques of the newly founded social sciences, and urged his colleagues to study new topics such as immigration, urbanization, economic development, and social and cultural history.

Everything in American history up to the s somehow relates the western frontier, including slavery. Photograph shows reproduction of painting with Indians fighting U. This sectionalism had a great deal of influence on the development of the frontier. This site uses cookies. Individualism was king on the frontier. Turner’s emphasis on the importance of the frontier in shaping American character influenced the interpretation found in thousands of scholarly histories.

tufners Inmedieval historian Carl Stephenson published an extended article refuting the Germanic germ theory. Sign up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox!

frederick jackson turners frontier thesis 1893

Essays and Miscellany First ed. Addresses and Opinions of Franklin Delano Roosevelt p. There was a problem with your submission. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered.


American democracy was born of no theorist’s dream; it was not carried in the Susan Constant to Virginia, nor in the Mayflower to Plymouth. My call is to the young in heart, regardless of age—to the stout in spirit, regardless of party.

One Comment Add yours Pingback: The frontier transformed Jeffersonian democracy into Jacksonian democracy. They argue that, “Frontier imagery motivates Fermilab physicists, and a rhetoric remarkably similar to that of Turner helped them secure support for their research. It explained why the American people and American government were so different from their European counterparts.

Thesjs almost totally ignored at the time, Turner’s lecture eventually gained such wide distribution and influence that a contemporary scholar has called it “the single most influential piece of writing in the history of American history. Grossman, The Frontier in American Culture p. The Frontier in American History. How much do Puritan New England and the California of the transcontinental railroad really have in common?

A historical perspective,” Journal of the West Oct 34 4 pp. Census of had officially stated that the American frontier had broken up. Historians have noted that John F. You are commenting using your WordPress.

frederick jackson turners frontier thesis 1893

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