Archived from the original on 23 May However, in the instant case, Aruna could breathe by herself and did not need any external assistance to breath and thus, distinguished from the Mckay case. A non-fiction book titled Aruna’s Story was written about the case by Pinki Virani in Informed Consent is the kind of consent wherein the patient is fully aware of all the future courses of his treatment, his chances of recovery, and all the side effects of all of these alternative courses of treatment. Views Read Edit View history. She is uncomfortable if a lot of people are in the room and she gets distraught. Union of India and Others, and ruled that in cases of irreversible illness, and after a thorough medical evaluation, passive euthanasia should be permitted.

Since then, it is the staff of the KEM hospital that has been taking exemplary care of their colleague. This was reduced to six years because he had already served a year in lock up. Never miss a great news story! The Supreme Court accepted the petition and constituted a medical board to report back on Aruna’s health and medical condition. Aruna Ramchandra Shanbaug 1 June — 18 May , was an Indian nurse who was at the centre of attention in a court case on euthanasia after spending 42 years in a vegetative state as a result of sexual assault. In many countries, physician assisted dying is legal while the physician administering it is illegal.

Aruna Shanbaug: Brain-damaged India nurse dies 42 years after rape – BBC News

We take turns looking after her aruan we love to care for her. The nurses at KEM Hospital were quite happy to look after the patient and they had been doing that for years before petitioner Pinky Virani emerged on the scene.


Retrieved 8 March We do not mean to decry or cass what Ms. They were hearing the case Aruna Ramchandra Shanbaug v. They also said Aruna could perhaps be the longest survivor in this situation. Archived from the original on 21 May International Experience The court relied on Euthanasia laws in various countries to understand the international experience.

Aruna Shanbaug – The Woman who triggered the Euthanasia Debate in India

Countries like Belgium, Canada have also joined the move. He tried to rape her but finding that she was menstruating, he sodomized her. Journalist and human-rights activist Pinki Virani tried to track down Sohanlal; she was led to believe that Sohanlal had changed his name after leaving prison in but continued to work in a Delhi hospital, and since neither the King Edward Memorial Hospital nor the court that tried Sohanlal kept a file photo of him, Virani’s search failed.

Looking for Legal Help? The judgment provided strict guidelines for it, which involved clearance by a high court. It was prayed to direct the Respondents to stop feeding Aruna and let her die in peace. In this case, the consent of Aruna could not be obtained and thus, the question as to who should decide on her behalf became more prominent.

Aruna Shanbaug case

However, assuming that the KEM hospital staff at some future time changes its mind, in our opinion in such a situation the KEM hospital would have to apply to the Bombay High Court for approval of the decision to withdraw life support. Foul language Slanderous Inciting hatred against a certain community Others. Voluntary euthanasia is where the consent is taken from the patient, whereas non-voluntary euthanasia is where the consent is unavailable e.

This case overruled P. He tried to rape her but finding that she was menstruating, he sodomized her. Before taking a decision, the bench should seek the opinion of a committee of three reputed doctors to be nominated by the bench. Further, Washington and Montana also have similar legislations in place.


She was on ventilator support in KEM’s acute care unit. Active euthanasia entails the use of lethal substances or forces to kill a person e. Retrieved 22 January It wass alleged that there is no possibility of any improvement in the condition and that she was entirely dependent on KEM Hospital, Mumbai. Ten Minutes To Hell”. Archived from the original on 2 December The court deleted into a scenario where the patient was incapable of giving consent and specified who could approach the Court on his behalf.

euthanasia case study of aruna

They have been family to her for the last 40 years and treat her one among them. She died the morning of 18 May Retrieved 11 March From the day of the assault till the day she died on May 18,Aruna could only survive on mashed food.

euthanasia case study of aruna

Here is an attempt to summarise that judgement. The guidelines to be followed in such cases are. The Supreme Court dealt with the aspect of informed consent and right to the bodily integrity of the patient as followed by the US after the Nancy Cruzan case [viii].

Rathinam held that Article 21 has also a positive content and is not merely negative in its reach.