The Mangrove Interpretation Centre is established at Sajnekhali to make the local people and tourists aware of the importance of conservation of nature in general and specially the mangrove ecosystems. To the south the forest meets the Bay of Bengal; to the east it is bordered by the Baleswar River and to the north there is a sharp interface with intensively cultivated land. Building a future in which humans live in harmony with nature. Sundarbans is home to the Royal Bengal tigers along with a sizeable population of spotted deer, wild pigs, monkeys, kingfishers, herons and eagles. The park area is divided into two ranges, overseen by range forest officers.

A delicate balance is needed to maintain and facilitate the ecological process of the property on a sustainable basis. The dominant mangrove species Heritiera fomes is locally known as sundri or sundari. The forest also traps nutrient and sediment, acts as a storm barrier, shore stabiliser and energy storage unit. The first Forest Management Division to have jurisdiction over the Sundarbans was established in Non-timber forest products and plantations help generate considerable employment and income opportunities for at least half a million poor coastal people. Straying of tigers into nearby villages is prevented through measures such as nylon net fencing and solar illumination of villages.

During the monsoon season, the low lying agricultural lands are waterlogged and the summer crop kharif crop is therefore mainly deepwater rice or floating rice.

essay on sundarban national park

Around 2, sq km of total area of 4, sq km of the Sundarbans is occupied by the mangrove forest and the rest area is occupied by the water bodies across the 56 islands that constitute the forest. A saltwater crocodile in the Sundarban Crocodile Breeding Center.



Several NGOs have been involved in the relief operation. Along with the Sajnekhali and Sudhanyakhali watch towers, there are other watch towers such as Netidhopan, Haldi and others from where one can get the wonderful sight of the royal Bengal tigers. A rhesus macaque Macaca mulatta. The Sunderban mudflats [7] are found at the estuary and on the deltaic islands where low velocity of river and tidal current occurs. This page was last edited on 11 May esssay, at Since Prain’s report there have been considerable changes in the status of various mangrove species and taxonomic revision of the man-grove flora.

Differences in vegetation have been explained in terms of freshwater and low salinity influences in the Northeast and variations in drainage and siltation. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. However, there is no tiger in this island thus making this island a favorite exsay for nature lovers as they sundarabn walk amid the greenery which largely consists of mangrove trees without any fear of the tiger.

Rivers in the Sundarbans are meeting places of salt water and freshwater. The Sundarbans area is one of the most densely populated in the world, and the population is increasing. Bhagabatpur Bhagabatpur is home to a hatchery of the largest estuarine crocodiles in the world. The sunset view is magnificent from this island. The Sajnekhali Bird Nayional which is situated on a land between the Peechkali and Gomati Rivers, and the only place in the Sundarbans forest to take a walk.

This represents a significant proportion of the species present in Bangladesh i.

essay on sundarban national park

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sundarbans. The Sundarbans forest is home to more than tigers.


Kolkata Metropolitan Area Neighbourhoods list Streets list. The Sundarbans mangrove forest, one of the largest such forests in the worldhalies on the delta of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers on the Bay of Bengal. The number of casualties has been reduced from 40 sundatban 10 per year.

Fishing boat in Sundarbans.

Bestowed with magnificent scenic beauty and natural resources, it is internationally recognized for its high biodiversity of mangrove flora and fauna both on land and water. Archived from the original PDF on 26 August State of Conservation SOC by year The Sundarbans National Park houses a large number of reptiles as well, including estuarine crocodileschameleonsmonitor lizardsturtles, including Olive Ridleyhawksbilland green turtles.

The Bangladesh mangrove vegetation of the Sundarbans differs greatly from other non-deltaic coastal mangrove forests and upland forests associations. The Sundarbans National Park, an invincible kingdom of Royal Bengal tigers, is one of the most riveted tourism destinations in the eastern belt of India, especially for the wildlife and nature lovers.

Sundarbans as a Case Study”. Additional funding is received under the Project Tiger from the Central Government.


Supported the Forest Directorate with equipment and training, as well as community engagement to reduce dependence on forest resources. Views Read Change Change source View history.

essay on sundarban national park

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The physiography is dominated by deltaic formations that include innumerable drainage ssundarban associated with surface and subaqueous levees, splays and tidal flats.